For some people, it takes more than a few specks
of blood when brushing to finally get them to take their gum
disease seriously. For those who ignore the worsening symptoms, for
whatever reasons, they could find themselves moving into stages of gum disease
that can’t be reversed. Take time to learn about the different stages of gum
disease and learn how to spot the signs of it.
The first stage of gum disease is termed,
“gingivitis.” Food residue and bacteria combine to form plaque, which grows
full of toxins that agitate the gums. At this stage, the gums become swollen
and irritable. Common tasks like eating or brushing might cause them to bleed.
In most cases, gingivitis can be reversed with
regular teeth cleanings at the dentist’s office and daily care for your teeth
and gums at home.
After a while, plaque starts to harden onto teeth
and forms a substance known as “tartar” or “dental calculus.” When tartar
begins to amass on the roots of teeth below the gum line, it creates pockets of
space between the gums and teeth. These pockets of space turn into incubators
for bacteria and they also expose the tooth roots.
With the gums and tooth roots under attack, gum
disease at this stage is classified at “periodontitis.” Periodontitis is the
point of no return, where damage done to teeth and gums can only be managed and
can’t be reversed.
When gum disease is at its most severe, the teeth
begin to loosen from the jawbone and will eventually fall out. At this stage,
gum disease is considered “advanced periodontitis.”
Even at this stage, your dentist will have
routes for gum disease that you can embark on together to stop the damage
from spreading and to preserve healthy teeth and gums. Dental
implants, for example, can be placed to provide reliable replacements for
an appointment with a local dentist to learn more about your options for
treating gum disease in Norwich, CT.